The island of Kos is the third largest island of the Dodecanese group, after the islands of Rhodes and Karpathos. It is located south of Kalymnos and north of Nisyros, very close to the coasts of Turkey and about 200 nautical miles from Piraeus. This geographical location is strongly connected with local history. Kos has a total area of 290 sq km, a coastline of 112 km and a population of about 25,000 inhabitants. The island is mostly flat and has two low mountains.
The highest is Mount Dikaion, rising at an altitude of 875 meters, and the other is Mount Simpatro, which runs along the southern coast of Kos. The capital and main harbor of Kos, Kos Town, is located on a verdant district. The town is overlooking a natural harbor (on an open bay), on the northeastern part of the island. Close to the town, there are open thermal springs, known as thermes, with hot volcanic water.
The geography of Kos distinguishes for the huge coastline which is full of golden beaches and many beautiful islets right opposite, such as Kastri islet opposite Kefalos beach. The mainland of Kos is verdant and incredibly fertile, blessed with rich soil and abundant groundwater.
Discover the Map of Kos
View the map of Kos with the main villages, beaches, and sightseeing. Also, the location of the port and the airport. View: Map of Kos