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The contribution of Mykonos in the Independence War of 1821: From the 14th till the 19th century, the Greeks were under the Ottoman rule. The year 1821 marked the history of the country as the Greek Revolution of Independence was launched. The rebels started many revolutionary attacks from the Balkans to Crete. Most of them were split within a short period, but the rebels succeeded in keeping strong all the Peloponesse, Central Greece, and most of the Aegean islands.
Mykonos is among the islands that had a major contribution to the Greek Revolution. Before the late 18th century, the Mykonians suffered from many diseases but the 19th century brought prosperity to this island due to many immigrants who moved from Crete, Naxos, Kimolos and other islands. The Mykonians showed great progress in shipping and trade, activities that brought great profit to the locals.
When the Greek Revolution was launched, they transformed the trade ships into warships and sailed to set free other islands and the mainland. Many inhabitants had already taken the vow of Filiki Etaireia (the Society of Friends), who was secretly preparing the Revolution since 1814.
A very important figure of Mykonos that time was Manto Mavrogenous, an educated woman who had grown up in Vienna but whose parents originated from Mykonos. Her family had become rich from trade and she inherited a large dowry that decided to donate to the Revolution. She made an affair with Dimitrios Ipsilantis, a prominent military general. When he died and Greece was set free, Manto Mavrogenous had already donated all her fortune to the Revolution and was now poor. She moved to her relatives in Paros where she died in 1846.