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Lesvos is inhabited since the prehistoric years and many Neolithic settlements have been found in the surrounded regions. During the Geometric era, the locals were mainly involved in agriculture but during the Byzantine years, the island was greatly flourished as a trade center. Several buildings still stand in the heart of the city.
Due to its long recorded history, the island has several museums the most important being the Archaeological Museum. The exhibition consists of findings from the prehistoric to Roman times. Of unique interest is the Georgios Iakovidis Digital Museum in Chidira which is fully equipped with the painter's works. A great collection of Byzantine icons and ecclesiastical items can be found in the Byzantine Museum of Lesvos.
Levos is famous for its excellent ouzo, a local drink and visitors can enjoy a lovely tour at the Barbayannis Ouzo Museum of the distillery, in Agia Paraskevi. There you will see the production facilities and the traditional means that were used for the making of Greek ouzo. Mytilene is home to smaller museums like the Folklore Museum with various items from the traditional history of Lesvos. Equally interesting is the Fossil museum, at the entrance of the Petrified Forest and the Museum of Olive Oil production.
The World of Ouzo Museum of Isidoros Arvanitis is located in a wonderful olive grove just a few minutes from the village of Plomari. This distillery, with more than 120 years of function, has a long tradition in ouzo production and exports its ouzo to 30 countries around the world.
Vranas Olive Press Museum is a beautiful industrial building of unique architectural value. It was built By Nikolaos Vranas, the grandfather of the poet Odysseas Elytis, and it operated until the early 1970s