Lemnos, known since the antiquity, is an island with a rich mythical tradition and historical background. It flourished greatly in the prehistoric times, the Byzantine years and the Venetian period. Archaeological excavations have brought to light findings which reveal the existence of an early civilization in the 4th millennium BC.
A great part of these findings and more on the history of Lemnos can be found in the Archaeological Museum in Myrina. The rooms of this neoclassical mansion present an extensive collection of treasures from the ancient sites of Kavirio and Ifestia and several antiquities. There is beautiful section with ceramics, pottery items, statuettes, jewellery and coins.
In the village of Portiano, it is a pleasure visiting the Folklore Museum of Lemnos. On display are several items of local art and well-preserved rooms which make up the typical Lemnian house. Of great interest is the Maritime Museum of Lemnos situated in the heart of the city. The museum's collection includes a great variety of items from the sponge-diving tradition that the island is famous for. In Myrina, close to the Holy Cathedral lies the Ecclesiastical Museum.
The Archaeological Museum is housed in a beautiful Neoclassic building in Myrina. During the Turkish occupation, the building was used as the Turkish headquarters. Today, visitors can see various collections, such as findings from the excavations in ancient Ifestia, Kavirio, and other sites, which date from the Prehistoric till the Hellenistic period.
Located in the village of Portiano, this Folklore Museum consists of an impressive collection related to Lemnian folklore. The three-storey building which houses the museum is of traditional Lemnian architecture and it has been beautifully preserved. The museum has numerous showrooms, each one with a different theme, according to the collection they exhibit.
Located in Nea Koutali, the Museum of Maritime Tradition and Sponge Fishing consists of various items which are dedicated to the maritime and sponge diving traditions of Lemnos. The museum provides a lot of information on how these two sections have progressed over the years.
The Ecclesiastical Museum is housed in a building in Myrina, near the Holy Cathedral of Lemnos. It has some very impressive Byzantine and post-Byzantine art pieces.