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Rhodes is one of the most beautiful islands in Greece, worldwide famous for its cultural and historical background through the ages. Traces of human presence are found from the Prehistoric times, although the island was greatly flourished during the Mycenaean period, according to the plethora of findings from the ancient cemeteries of Ialyssos and Kamiros. Ruled by the Knights, Rhodes became extremely powerful and one of the most fascinating places in Greece with medieval castles and strong fortresses.
Rhodes is home to some exquisite museums, the most important being the Archaeological Museum that provides a unique insight into the island's heritage. It is housed in the Medieval building and hosts an interesting selection of tombs from the Geometric, Archaic and Classical period. The exhibition is enriched with an extensive set of sculptures and mosaics from the Hellenistic times and a unique attraction are the ancient amphorae.
The Municipal Gallery of Rhodes focuses on a unique collection of 90 famous paintings from the 20th century and some engraving works. It is housed in a medieval building where many cultural events take place during the summer. On the edge of the New Town of Rhodes is found the Aquarium of Rhodes that showcases rare animal species from the Mediterranean sea.