Athens is the capital and the largest city of Greece. Although today it has turned into a busy and cosmopolitan city, Athens still preserves elements of its ancient glory. This is the perfect city for visting sites and monuments and, a great base for excursions around Greece. Monuments of all historical periods are spread around the town, from the Ancient and Roman times until the Byzantine and Modern eras. As the best sightseeing in Athens is found within a walking distance from the city center, they are easy to visit on foot or on a bus tour. Do not certainly miss the Acropolis Hill and the Acropolis Museum. If you have time, take a stroll from the Acropolis to Thission and Monastiraki, it is a lovely promenade.
You can see below the best Sites in Athens: Ancient sites, Museums, Churches & more. You can filter them by category and location.
Do you want to know about activities? Check the best Things to do in Athens.
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The Acropolis, also known as the Sacred Rock, is the symbol of Greece and the Greek culture and the most famous sightseeing. This ancient site stands on the highest spot of the city and buildings of high historical significance, like the Parthenon, can be found on it. The new Acropolis Museum has been constructed in close proximity.
The National Archaeological Museum of Athens is the largest and most important museum in Greece, and its exhibits are between the finest collections of prehistoric items, sculptures, pottery, and minor art, bronzes and Egyptian art, everything followed by detailed explanations in English. It is located near Omonoia square and it is a sight to not miss.
The New Acropolis Museum was inaugurated in June 2009 and it is housed in a modern building right opposite the site of the Acropolis. It is one of the jewels of the city and a sight not to miss. The items displayed in the New Acropolis Museum were all found on excavations on the Acropolis. The most famous display is the frieze of Parthenon Temple. The unfortunate thing is that pieces of this frieze are missing, as they are housed in the British Museum in London.
The Theatre of Herodes Atticus, or else Herodeion, is one of the most impressive monuments / sights of Athens. Located on the southern slopes of the Acropolis, the theatre was built in 161 BC by Herodes Atticus, a wealthy Roman general in memory of his wife, Regilla. It has exceptional acoustic capacities and can sit up to 5,000 spectators. Performances of the Athens-Epidaurus Festival are held there in summer.
The rocky Hill of Arios Pagos is located on the northwestern side of the Acropolis. The top of a steep rock is one of the most popular places where the locals gather in groups to watch the sunset and the impressive views of the urban landscape of Athens.
The Temple of Poseidon in Cape Sounion, the southernmost spot of Attica, was built in the 5th century B.C. and a part of it survives till today. This is one of the most famous ancient sites in Athens and gives an amazing view of the sea and the sunset.
The temple of Olympian Zeus took 700 years to be built. The work was completed by Emperor Hadrian in 131 AD. The huge Temple was composed of 104 columns of Corinthian style, 17 m high each. Today only 17 columns have survived and it is one of the most beautiful sightseeings of Athens.
This impressive arch was built by Emperor Hadrian in 132 AD to mark the limit between Ancient Athens and his new city. It is located at the end of Amalias Avenue, right next to the temple of Olympian Zeus.
The Panathenaic Stadium stands next to the National Garden and Zappeion Megaron. It was originally constructed in the Roman times and it is entirely re-made of marble. Excavated in 1870, this stadium was renovated to host the first modern Olympic Games in 1896. It is also known as Panathenaic or Kallimarmaro Stadium and it is one of the most popular sightseeings of Athens.
The Ancient Agora was the social and political center of ancient Athens. This is where the people of Athens used to meet to talk about social issues. The temple of Hephaestus is the most distinctive spot of Ancient Agora, which is located between Thissio and Monastiraki. It is one of the most impressive sightseeings in Athens.
The Temple of Hephaestus is the most well-preserved Ancient temple in Greece and a sight not to miss! It was dedicated to Hephaestus and Athena. The Temple of Hephaestus is located in Thissio, within a short distance from the Acropolis and Monastiraki, just above the Ancient Agora and the Stoa of Attalos.
This museum is located in Ancient Agora, inside the famous Stoa of Attalos. The collection of the museum is very interesting and diverse. It includes findings from the wells, deposits, burials, workshops, and sanctuaries of the area.
The Tower of Wind stands in the quarter of Plaka, outside the Roman Agora. It was constructed in the 1st century BC by the astronomer Andronicus. Outside of the tower, there was a solar clock and in the interior, there was a hydraulic clock.
This theatre is the most important and oldest theatre in Athens. It is located on the southeastern slopes of the Acropolis. This is the site where the Festival of Great Dionysia used to take place. This festival was of great cultural importance and welcomed great play writers, such as Sophocles or Euripides. The theatre was later renovated with marble and had a capacity of 17.000 seats. Very little of the theatre survives today.
The Hellenic Parliament is housed in an austere Neoclassical building on the top of Syntagma Square. It was originally constructed in the 1830s as the Palace of King Otto, the first king of Greece, but a century later it was dedicated to house the Greek Parliament.
Every Sunday morning at 11 am, people gather in Syntagma Square to watch the official changing of the guards, the military unit whose members stand proudly in perfect stillness in front of the Hellenic Parliament. There is, of course, changing every hour in the day, but on Sundays, it is the official ceremony with the official costumes.
Located right next to the Parliament, Syntagma Square, the National Garden is a lush area with trees, fountains and a small zoo. Although it is right in the heart of the town, this garden offers a nice spot to relax, away from the noise.
Seen from every spot of Athens center, the hill of Lycabettus can be reached on foot or by funicular train from Kolonaki. A white church stands on top of the hill, which gives a nice view to the busy town.
Philopappos Hill is also called the Muses Hill. It is located between the Acropolis and Thissio and offers a great view of the town. The funeral monument of a Roman general is located there.
The flea market is located in the neighborhood of Monastiraki, in the old town of Athens. The alleys are home to clothing boutiques, souvenir shops, furniture and antique stores, books and disk stands and more.
Central Municipal Market
The central market is an interesting place to visit, full of life all day long. You can find meat, fish, olives, nuts, herbs, spices and more.
The Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Center is located in Palaio Faliro, a civic and old-school neighborhood of Athens. Its grounds host three different projects; the National Library, the Greek National Opera and the Stavros Niarchos Park.
Located in the area of Paleo Faliro, Marina of Flisvos is not only the most modern yacht station in the region, but also one of the most popular seafront promenades to go for an evening walk and catch the sunset, at about half an hour away from the city center of Athens by car. This location is easy to reach and it is also possible to get there by tram or bus.