Monemvasia looks like it has jumped out of the Medieval Era. The Old Town and the Castle of Monemvasia have been built literally on the slopes of a huge rock that stands into the sea. The Venetians used to call Monemvasia the Gibraltar of the East. The Old Town is actually the main site of Monemvasia. This is a fantastic Medieval town entirely carved on the slopes of rock, offering a breathtaking sea view from the highest spot. Many old mansions in Monemvasia Old Town are turned into boutique hotels, restaurants and shops today. Some beaches are found in close distance for a relaxing swim.
The Byzantine church of Agia Sofia is located on the edge of a cliff and gives a gorgeous view to the sea. It was built in the 12th century by Emperor Andronicus. When Monemvasia was occupied by the Venetians, it became a Catholic cathedral and during the Turkish occupation, when their walls were painted with lime, it was used as a mosque.
The Archaeological Museum of Monemvasia is housed in a Muslim mosque opposite the church of Christ Elkomenos, inside the Castle of Monemvasia. The building was constructed in the 16th century by the Turks. At first, it was a mosque, then a public building, a prison, a coffee shop and today it hosts the archaeological collection.