Due to its geographic location being close to Peloponnese, Kythira island is a unique blend of architectural styles from the traditional, Aegean and Venetian culture. The island is known since antiquity and suffered constant invasions by the Romans, Byzantines, Venetians, Turks, and pirates. Chora of Kythira, the island's capital which lies on a high spot, is a characteristic example of Venetian architecture with many beautiful buildings, fortified mansions, and castles, preserved in the best condition.
At the highest spot stands the Venetian castle which offers a breathtaking view of the Cretan Sea and is a clear reflection of the island's history. Beautiful examples of elegant mansions and two-storey houses that belonged to the noble families are found in the village of Mylopotamos. During the British occupation, Kythira Greece changed dramatically with the completion of various public construction works like roads, stone bridges, school buildings, and market.
For the fear of the pirates, who plundered all the Greek islands that time, the island created a plethora of defensive formations that coexist in harmony with the traditional and austere character of Kythira. Kythira counts on many settlements that were built by the Venetians, in need of nice fortifications. The architecture of Kythira is simple, with Aegean and Venetian influences and no particular shapes. This model can be seen even nowadays, despite the tourist infrastructure. Right above the picturesque capital is the Venetian castle of Kythira while a visit to the legendary medieval castle town of Paliochora should not be missed. Most of the churches in the abandoned village are in ruins but their wonderful frescoes have been saved.
Visitors can enjoy their stay in many of the traditional hotels that have respected the traditional architecture.