The first human traces of Kos go back to the prehistoric times as various findings witness. It flourished greatly during the Byzantine era and the Venetian occupation. Most importantly Kos is the birthplace of Hippocrates, the father of medicine, the man who introduced new diagnostic methods and treatments for many diseases. At the center of Kos town, you will see the old age plane tree where Hippocrates used to sit with his disciples.
At the Archaeological Museum of Kos are found hundreds of findings which were brought to light from the excavations that took place in the surrounded regions. The museum's exhibition focuses on items that cover various periods from the Hellenistic to Roman times and aim to introduce the most important sculpture works from the island Kos. It is housed in a two-storey building that stands out in the town, from the Italian occupation. The museum's attractions are the marble Roman statues, the busts, and the beautiful mosaics. Also, a great variety of ceramics and pottery can be found.
Kos Folklore Museum is one of the most interesting places to visit, depicting scenes from the agricultural life in the old days. It is well-equipped with a large collection of artifacts, agricultural tools, and lovely embroideries. Visitors will have the chance to journey back in time. Another point of interest is Antimachia village, one of the island's attractions and famous for its picturesque character. The guests can see the Traditional House of Antimachia, which is a perfect replica of the 20th architecture in the region. Today, it is like a small museum.
Located in Mastihari, the Hippocrates Garden Cultural Centre is dedicated to the father of medicine. It is an exact replica of a 5th century BC ancient Greek settlement and organizes many seminars of ancient Greek philosophy.