The amazing Nature of Santorini: The most impressive and decisive geographical feature of Santorini is certainly the volcano, standing in the middle of the sunken caldera. This unique feature has certainly affected the nature of this island and has given its coastline a recognizable form. The steep rocks that mark the coasts of Santorini with the volcanic rocks and the earthy colour are unique to this charming Greek island.
Santorini is actually a complex of five islands: Thira or Santorini (the largest), Thirassia, Aspronisi, Palea Kameni and Nea Kameni. Only two of these islands are inhabited, Thira and Thirassia, therefore all cultivated regions are spotted there. Palea and Nea Kameni are the islands where the volcano is located, so nature is pretty isolated there. No animals or plants will be seen there except for some birds that fly occasionally above these two islands.
In Thira and Thirasia, however, nature is more verdant. Vineyards and olive trees are more likely seen there as well as eucalypti, fig-trees, different pine trees, and some other less known vegetation species. Rain is not that common in Santorini and most fall in autumn and winter. In spring, nature is blossoming and verdant. although in summer most vegetation is dried.
As for the fauna, there are no wild animals in Santorini, just the common homebred animals and some typical birds of Greece, including seagulls, swallows, common quails, rock doves, house sparrows, small owls and other birds that are less commonly spotted. These birds are more easily seen in spring and in secluded spots of the island, as tourist crowds make them fly away.
Unfortunately, there are no bird-watching spots on the island, as there are no natural habitats or lakes. Small fishing harbors and high cliffs are however the best spots to observe the nature of Santorini. Also, hiking trails can be well followed for that purpose as they pass through the countryside and give a new aspect of Santorini nature, away from the busy villages of the coastline. One of the hikes can be done between the villages of Fira and Oia.