Koules Fortress


Location: Town   

The Fortress of Koules in Heraklion Crete: The Venetian Castle of Heraklion is called Koules, which means fortress in Turkish. It is an impressive fortress that surrounds the harbor of Heraklion, Crete. The Koules Castle is a massive fortress with two storeys that used to guard the entry to the port. The Castle was constructed by the Venetians in the early 13th century when they conquered the town. The earliest description of the Koules Venetian Castle exists in the work of the Florentine monk Cristoforo Buondelmonti in 1429.

The Fortress was primarily built for the storage of the foodstuff and the military supplies. It also served as the quarter for the officers and as a prison. A devastating earthquake completely destroyed the Castle in 1303 and it was rebuilt by the Genoese. The fortress was again restored during 1523-1540 and got its ultimate form. During the Ottoman rule, the Castle was again transformed to a prison. Several Cretan heroes who revolted against the Ottomans had been imprisoned in the castle and had been killed in the dark dungeons.

The architecture of the Castle is the typical Venetian architectural style. The construction was such that the walls of the Castle could protect the breakwater of the harbor. The Castle was made of stones. The ground floor has a vaulted roof with broad fanlight. The walls were very thick and were divided into 26 apartments serving as the residence of Kastelanos, the officer responsible for the well-being of the castle, as well as the dwellings of the captains and other officers.

A part of the ground floor was also used as the storeroom. There were three carvings of the Lion of Saint Mark in the Castle. The one at the seaside of the castle exists to these days. The upper floor and the basis of a minaret were added in the original construction by the Ottomans. Today the Koules Venetian Castle has been cleaned and restored many times. It is visited by thousands of people every year and consists of the trademark of Heraklion Town.


Share it!  


Upload your photos

Latest members photos of Koules Fortress
Photo gallery of Koules Fortress by Greeka.com
Google map of Koules Fortress
Rate and Comment
alert
Do you like our website? Make it better with your rate and comment! with your email, Facebook or Twitter account!
no avatar
Rate it!:
Thanks for your rating!
no avatar
takken3 wrote on Mar 15, 2019

Window 10 are comes with the many new features,you know friends Microsoft produces this where is desktop computer windows 10 sometime users try to open my PC icon in system and try the more different method or option.

no avatar
sosyal wrote on Apr 16, 2019

İtalya menşeli bir marka olan Bvlgari; gözlük, takı, mücevher, saat ve parfüm tasarımlarıyla outletparfumler.com moda dünyasına adını altın harflerle yazdırıyor, tester parfüm.

The Community
45131
members
156299
photos
Our Services
Car rentalFerriesHotelsToursIsland hopping packagesCustomized holiday


Other social networks

Newsletter

Be the first to get news and special offers!