Mycenae is one of the most famous archaeological sites in Greece. It is located in the region of Argolis, between Argos and Nafplion. A very prosperous town in the ancient times, Mycenae Greece gave its name to an entire civilization, the Mycenaean civilization, that flourished from about 1,600 to 1,00 BC. Although this civilization was expanded in the entire country, the centre and most powerful town was Mycenae, the kingdom of the legandary king Agamemnon, ruler of the Greeks in the Trojan War. The ancient town was surrounded by gigantic walls, while the most famous spot is the Lion Gate, the entrance to the town with two female stone lions above.