Chios has a long history and its culture began to develop during the Neolithic period. Various excavations bear witness to a rich cultural heritage that flourished through many periods. Chios is characterized by its cosmopolitan atmosphere and the authentic character that remains untouched by time. Its medieval villages are considered places of high interest where history is still alive.
For a comprehensive view of the rich history of Chios, you can start from the Byzantine Museum housed in a 19th-century mosque in the heart of the town. Its extensive collection covers a long period from the Christian times to the 17th century with sculptures and marble tombs from the Jewish cemetery. Equally interesting is the Maritime Museum which illustrates the long nautical history of the island through many forms of art like paintings and photos as well as ship models and tools.
In the traditional village of Pyrgi there is a Folklore Museum that depicts the agricultural life in Chios through various items and photo archive. Those who visit the Monastery of Nea Moni will be surprised to see the small Ecclesiastical Museum which hosts an interesting collection of icons and embroideries made by the nuns.
Along with prehistoric and archaic treasures from the excavations of the British School at Emporios, this collection includes impressive Neolithic and Classical finds.
Chios Mastic Museum
The museum is dedicated to "Mastiha" (or gum mastic), a unique product that has shaped the natural and human environment of the Mastichochoria area of southern Chios. The Mastiha cultivation was recognized by UNESCO, with its inscription to the list of intangible heritage.
Located in a beautiful mansion in Chios Town, this interesting museum illustrates the long nautical history of the island. The museum includes paintings and models of ships that belonged to local sea fearers, photographs, and many navigation tools.
Korais Library & Philip Argenti Museum
The Korais Library of Chios is one of the largest in Greece with a significant collection exceeding 130,000 volumes. It was established in 1792, as a department of the Great Chian School. On the upper floor, you can visit the Philip Argenti Museum which exhibits a 19th-century birthing chair and also shepherds' tools, embroidery, traditional costumes, and portraits.
The Citrus museum presents documents and historical elements of local citrus fruits and production. It constitutes also of space for exhibitions.
Housed in the 19th-century Ottoman mosque in the central square of Chios Town, this museum was founded in 1980 and contains a collection of items and findings that have been discovered on the island and donated from private collections. Its exhibits date from the early Christian times till the 17th century.
This folk art museum is located in the beautiful village of Pyrgi and it was founded by the cultural society "Adamantios Korais". It houses a rich collection of rural and agricultural tools, photographic and local press files and handicraft objects.
This small museum is housed in an old cell in the Monastery of Nea Moni. It houses fine post-Byzantine icons, silver ecclesiastical works, embroideries, and woven textiles.
Justinian Museum (or Palataki) is housed in a historical building that dates from the 15th century AD. It houses Byzantine icons and frescoes and ecclesiastical items from the Venetian times.