Meteora is the second largest monastery complex of Greece (after Mount Athos) and one of the strangest geological formations of the world. The site is located at the northwest edge of Thessaly Plain, near the river Penios and the mountains of Pindos, northwestern Greece. The closest town is Kalambaka. The monasteries of Meteora are constructed on top of natural sandstone rock pillars and the most amazing is that these rock pillars emerge in the middle of a valley.
According to scientists, these pillars were formatted about 60 millions years ago, during the Tertiary Period. Once the area was covered by sea, but a series of earth movements caused the seabed to withdraw. The mountains left were continuously hit by strong winds and waves, which, in combination with extreme weather conditions, affected their shape. This is why the pillars are composed of sandstone and conglomerate.
The geography of Meteora is known for its unique natural phenomenon. The rocks of Meteora, connected strongly with the local history, offer gorgeous view to the above valley and the town of Kalambaka. Close to Meteora, there is the vast natural Reserve of Antichassia, on one side, and the mountain range of Pindos on the other. At the foot of the chalky rock of Theopetra, there is a cave, in which elements from the Paleolithic Times have been found.
Meteora map View the map of Meteora with the main villages, beaches and sightseeing.
View: Map of Meteora