Elafonissos museums

The island of Elafonissos does not have a museum itself. As it is a small island with a few inhabitants and was settled in the middle of the 19th century, the inhabitants haven't created yet a museum to promote their cultural identity. However, the archaeological excavations that were made on the island some decades ago show that Elafonissos has a long and interesting history. The archaeologists have unearthed findings from the prehistoric era, which proves that the area was once inhabited but the residents left before the historic times.

In the antiquity, Elafonissos was united to the coast of Peloponnese. The area was used as a place of cult. As Elafonissos was a hunting place with many red deer, it was dedicated to Artemis, the goddess of hunting. In fact, excavations on Pavlopetri islet, to the north of Elafonissos, have revealed ruins from temples of Artemis, Apollo, and Zeus. Pausanias, the Greek geographer who lived in the 2 century A.D., said that there was also the tomb of Kinados, a navy commander who took part with the side of Menelaus in the Trojan War.

What has also been discovered close to Elafonissos is a submerged, prehistoric town which lies to the north-east of Pavlopetri islet in a depth of 2-3 m. This town can be seen from above and you can view a well-built town with buildings, streets, and squares. This rare, prehistoric settlement was discovered in 1968. In the 4th century AD, Elafonissos was separated from the coast of Peloponnese, as did the nearby tiny islets that surround it.

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