Greek history from 1600 - 1100 BC is called Mycenaean due to Mycenae which was the main center of Aegean civilization through 1400 B.C.
In 1874, an amateur archaeologist, Heinrich Schliemann, who believed in the historical truth of Homer, excavated Mycenae, and upon discovering a human skull beneath a death mask in a tomb, declared: "I have gazed upon the face of Agamemnon," which is doubtful.
Agamemnon launched his ships to fight The Trojan War which is thought to have been fought in the 13th or 12th century B.C.
The entrance to the Acropolis is crowned by two facing lions. Their heads have not survived, but it is probable that they were depicted facing front.
Outside the city walls, lays the Grave Circle of the royalty of Mycenae.
Agamemnon may have been buried here in what is called The Treasury of Atreus, a large tholos, or tomb.
The beehive dome, constructed in 1250 B.C. was the tallest and widest dome in the world for over a thousand years until construction of the Pantheon in Rome was completed in 126 A.D.
The Museum ay Mycenae
Mycenaean Art is a bridge between The Cycladic and Geometric periods.
These charming female figurines recall the figures of earlier Minoan and Cycladic Art.
This fresco dates from 1250- 1180 B.C.
The art in this museum, like The Mycenaean Civilization, ends in the 12th century B.C.
Homer called Mycenae “rich in gold.”
This mask is a copy of the one in The NAM in Athens.
The long Trojan War, a nominal Greek victory, brought anarchy and ruin. Mycenae went into decline after Agamemnon’s return and never recovered after The Greek Dark Ages. Yet Mycenaean art would, 500 years later in Athens.