The Metro Line of Athens Greece, Attica: The Athens Metro System is one of the best in the world. Its history dates back to February 1869, when a steam train connecting Athens and Piraeus was inaugurated. This became the Metro line 1 or the Green line and laid the foundation for one of the most complex infrastructural projects to be implemented in Greece. In November 1991, the construction of Metro Lines 2 and 3 (also known as red and blue lines respectively) began in order to ease traffic congestion and reduce the levels of pollution in Athens.
Today, with an overall length of nearly 80 kilometers, 52 stations, 86 vehicles and over 1,150,000 passengers every day, the Athens metro has become a major contributor in boosting local economy by reducing travel time, mitigating parking problems, reducing pollution, creating jobs, and in general, enhancing the quality of life in the capital city.
Line 1 extends from Piraeus (the southernmost station of the green line) to reach the suburb of Kifisia, the northernmost station of line 1. Metro Lines 2 and 3 have 26 stations between them, with Line 3 connects Athens to the International Airport. All three Metro lines connect with Proastiakos (Athens Suburban Railways) and the tram system. In addition to this, construction of several new stations is in progress and plans for a new line (the Orange line- 4) are also under research.
Tickets of the Athens Metro System are made available through automatic ticketing machines installed in all stations of the Metro. Mass tickets (cards) are available at reduced prices for the benefit of daily users. The elderly (over the age of 65) and the young (below the age of 18) are entitled to reduced fares on presenting their ID cards. Certain classes of citizens including the disabled, children under six, military and police personnel, and Members of Parliament are permitted to travel free of cost.
The stations and vehicles are well protected by modern security systems, rescue squads, policemen and trained staff. There are voice announcements and a Lost Property Office to serve the passengers. Every station has escalators as well as special lifts and ramps for the convenience of the elderly, the pregnant or passengers with impaired mobility. There are also two organized parking areas available to Metro passengers: the Station Syngrou Fix and Halandri Station, both operating 24-hour controlled parking and transit.
Besides providing a fast, comfortable and reliable mode of transportation, the Metro also houses an impressive collection of archaeological exhibits, spanning a period from the Neolithic to modern times. The central stations of the network display over 50,000 archaeological findings, which had come to light during the creation of the metro tunnels. Archaeologists worked to salvage and preserve important archaeological evidence which provided a deep insight into the planning of the city in ancient times.