Athens Geography

Athens is the capital and largest city in Greece, With a population of about 3,5 million people and long history, the city stretches on a large peninsula that is protected by mountains from all sides of the horizon: Mt Egaleo to the west, Mt Parnes to the north, Mt Pentelikon to the northeast and Mt Hymettus to the east. The peninsula of Attica is located in the southern side of Greece and it is surrounded by the Aegean Sea, the Gulf of Evoikos, the Saronic Gulf and the Gulf of Corinth.

The peninsula of Attica is the highest-populated region of Greece. The center of Athens is surrounded by hills and parks, such as Lycabettus hill, Philopappou hill, the Acropolis hill, and others. Also, it is washed by underground rivers, such as Iridanos, Kifissos, and Ilissus. Most of the time, these rivers are dry but in the winter they get filled with the rainwater. Some nice parks also dot Athens, such as the National Gardens, the Antonis Tritsis Park and the Park of Veikou Hill.

Athens has a typical Meditteranean climate, which means hot and dry summers and mild winters. It rarely snows (usually every 3-4 years) and some rainfalls may occur in autumn. The coasts of Attica peninsula form nice coves to swim. Most popular beaches are found on the way to Cape Sounion, such as Lagonisi, Legrena, and Kalivia. However, there are also nice beaches on the northeastern side of Attica, such as Marathon and Schinias. The geography of Athens has influenced Greek culture.

Discover the Map of Athens
MapView the map of Athens with the main villages, beaches, and sightseeing. Also, the location of the port and the airport.
View: Map of Athens