The excellent road network provides access to the major places of interest around the prefecture of Heraklion. As all means of transport are proposed for both locals and tourists including buses and all types of private vehicles, a car is actually the best way to explore the surrounding areas.
The local buses operate in the town of Heraklion from the early morning hours until late at night. The central bus station is close to the Venetian port serving thousands of visitors throughout the year. KTEL buses link Heraklion with Rethymnon and other prefectures of Crete and routes are frequent. The public transport is commonly used in the entire Greece as the cheapest way to travel inside and outside the towns and villages.
Taxis are found in many central spots in the modern town of Heraklion offering immediate assistance to both visitors and locals. Taxi ranks are mostly found outside the port and the airport due the huge tourist activity during the summer. It is the most expensive means of transport but transfers from one side of Heraklion to the other is much faster tham it is with a local bus. With the radio taxis visitors can arrange for a taxi.
The beautiful surrounds of Heraklion are ideal for short trips with the traditional caiques and boats from the port of Heraklion. Daily excursions are organized in the seaside villages and the main port. Visitors can also ask for private tours around Heraklion while for the private owners the island of Gavdos and other isolated beaches are worth exploring.
Within the city there are plenty of car rentals in order to enjoy the modern town of Heraklion, the surrounding locations and the archaeological sites like the one in Knossos. A car is necessary to explore the entire Cretan territory, even more so major sites like Knossos. Motorcycles are commonly used in Crete where distances are covered faster and easily, at least within the town limits.